Woodworking Techniques and Advice
A good ear can help with a CNC router’s performance, but only after careful consideration is given to tooling selection, and feed and speed rates
The last piece of non-consumable hardware of a three-axis CNC router is the spindle. Many woodworkers already own a spindle, though they know it as a router.
Just like a worktable or workbench, a CNC router needs a surface on which to place sheet goods or lumber stock and a way to hold those materials in place when they are being machined.
My previous two articles covered the two major sub-assemblies of a CNC machine: stepper and servo motors, and linear drive systems. Our tour is almost complete with a description of the linear constraint systems. This term is used to describe the structure or frame of the machine and the linear guide system, which is attached to the frame and allows movement of the machine’s axes.
Moving the router or spindle over the table is the primary function of a CNC router’s software, hardware and motors. To get this motion means changing the rotary motion of the motors into linear motion to move the router’s cutter along the X, Y and Z axes and constraining that motion in a straight line in the case of a three-axis CNC router.
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